It is time to seek expert help if conception doesn’t occur during 10 to 12 months of regular sexual activity. Statistically, 20% of couples faces serious issues with conception, and such problems can only be solved by modern reproductive technologies.


There are 22 reasons of female and 18 reasons of male infertility. They may or may not be caused by issues with genitals.


Main causes of female infertility:

  • Ovulation disorder. If this natural process is interrupted, egg cell simply can’t leave ovary to merge with sperm cell.

  • Endometriosis. This disease produces nodules similar to endometrium in cervix tissue and extrauterine cavity. Such nodule gets bigger and works into other tissues during menstrual cycle. Abdominal cavity irritation leads to adhesions and impassability of Fallopian tubes. If endometriosis affects ovary, it might produce cysts.

  • Uterine pathology. It interrupts processes of fertilized ovum implantation. In some cases, disorders happen with development of pregnancy. Uterine pathology is often caused by adhesions from trauma, inflammatory processes and benign tumors (cervical miomatosis).

  • Adhesion process. Adhesions displace Fallopian tubes, uterus and ovaries, affecting natural anatomic links between internal organs.

  • Immunology. Immunological infertility affects sperm motility in cervical mucus.

  • Endocrine disorders. Some hormonal imbalances and diseases lead to infertility.

  • Sterility. Woman either has no genitals or they are underdeveloped.


Detailed analysis is mandatory, as one infertility cause doesn’t exclude the other. In some cases, reason for infertility can’t be identified.


Both spouses should be examined, as infertility is an issue concerning both of them. Thorough examination is needed to define the right method of treatment.


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There’s plenty of methods and technologies of female infertility treatment. Its choice depends on woman’s analyses and tests. Infertility treatment may take a long time, but the result worth it.

  • IVF.

  • Treatment of endocrine infertility.

  • Intrauterine insemination.

  • Treatment of inflammatory consequences.

  • Psychotherapy and change of a lifestyle.

  • Laparoscopy.